Views: 3 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2022-10-21 Origin: Site
Thailand is the 50th largest country in the world, with a land area comparable to that of Spain. Located 15 degrees north of the equator, Thailand enjoys a tropical climate with temperatures ranging from 19 to 38 degrees Celsius year round. Thailand has a land area of 510,890 square kilometres and a water area of 2,230 square kilometres. Thailand has a coastline of 3,219 square kilometres.
Thailand's water supply fluctuates considerably and the main reasons for this come from two sources.
1. the year-on-year increase in water demand.
2. natural disasters caused by global climate change, for example, the great floods in Thailand in 2011 caused by storms and the drought caused by the El Niño phenomenon.
From the end of 2019 to mid-2020, Thailand faces a water shortage amidst increasing water demand. According to the Thailand Meteorological Department, Thailand will face a more severe drought than before during the aforementioned period, with rainfall dropping by 3-5% compared to usual, resulting in less water in reservoirs and rivers. In addition, Thailand will also face more water quality and river salinisation problems due to domestic wastewater discharges, agricultural effluent containing chemicals, and seawater back-up.