Views: 8 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2023-02-28 Origin: Site
Egypt is a drought-stricken country, and the population boom has exacerbated the water shortage, making it a critical issue to secure water supplies.
Egypt has three main sources of water resources: the Nile River, groundwater and precipitation. Groundwater mining restrictions and difficulties; except for the northern Mediterranean coastal areas have a small amount of precipitation every winter, most of Egypt is a desert climate, dry and little rain and high evaporation. Therefore, the Nile River has always been the main source of water in Egypt.
In fact, more than 100 years ago Egypt did not have a serious water shortage. Analysts point to the explosive population growth as the main reason for Egypt's water shortage.
In order to feed the growing population, the Egyptian government vigorously develop irrigated agriculture, in addition, population growth also requires more water for domestic use, the contradiction between human and water is increasingly prominent.
To this end, in recent years, the Egyptian government from the open source and cut back on both aspects of measures. Egyptian Deputy Minister of Housing Said Ismail recently told reporters that 65 desalination plants have been built, with a daily production of 740,000 cubic meters of fresh water; 19 are under construction and are expected to produce 550,000 cubic meters of fresh water per day after completion.
Surface water is water from rivers, lakes or freshwater wetlands and can be treated using different methods such as ultrafiltration systems, brackish water reverse osmosis.
Desalinated water can be used from seawater or sea sources and can be treated using seawater reverse osmosis systems; seawater desalination systems.
Groundwater or brackish water from pore spaces in soil and rock "boreholes" can be treated with reverse osmosis systems, chemical dosing, UV water Sterilizer.
Government water supplies may have high hardness or chlorine content and can be treated with water softener systems, media filters.
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